Minimalism describes movements in various forms of art and design, especially visual art and music, where the work is set out to expose the essence, essentials or identity of a subject through eliminating all non-essential forms, features or concepts.

Minimalism was an art movement that developed in the United States in the late 1950s and reached its peak in the mid to late 1960s. It's also sometimes called Minimalist Art or ABC Art because it focuses on basic elements. It grew out of ideas expressed in the early 20th century by people like the Russian artist Kazimir Malevich, who pioneered Abstract Art by painting pictures with no reference to things visible in the real world -- no trees or people, no landscapes or still-life scenes. In abstraction, the art doesn't have to resemble something else.

Minimalism was also a reaction to the most prominent style of art pursued in the 1950s, Abstract Expressionism, in which the art conveyed multiple meanings of intense emotion, ideas, feelings and was sometimes created in spontaneous or unplanned ways. Abstract Expressionists often used thick brushstrokes that were clearly done by hand. An example of Abstract Expressionism is Willem de Kooning's work Woman V, done in the early 1950s. It's aggressive, emotional, and almost violent in its brushstrokes and line.

Perhaps one of the most classic and timeless web design trends, minimalism is often the go-to aesthetic of choice. The fewer elements and content on a website, the less your audience will have to think. If a website is designed in the right way, it will show the user exactly what she is looking for.

Minimalism will continue to dominate the digital landscape in 2019. Animations and fade-in effects that make scrolling more engaging will give web pages freedom to space out their content and thus result in more whitespace, contrast and clear typography without too many distracting elements.

Important characteristics of Minimalism include repetition, often of simple geometric forms like lines or squares. Early works tended to be monochromatic, using a limited palette of one or a few closely related colored. Many minimalist works are also hard-edged, with clear, precise transitions between areas of color.

Purposes :

It is marked by clarity, purpose, and intentionality. At its core, minimalism is the intentional promotion of the things we most value and the removal of everything that distracts us from it. It is a life that forces intentionality. And as a result, it forces improvements in almost all aspects of your life.

Characteristics of Minimalist Art :

Several important characteristics identify Minimalist Art. One of the most common is repetition, or creating multiple images of the same shape, especially simple geometric forms like lines and squares. Artists repeat shapes and produce paintings composed of vertical color blocks. Many works are extremely simple, pared down to the fewest possible lines or forms needed to paint the image. Areas are smooth and finished, devoid of obvious brushstrokes or hint of the artist's hand. Minimalist art focuses on things like geometry, line, and color. Early works tended to be monochromatic, limited to one color and related hues (like black, grey, and white). Another way to identify a Minimalist painting is by looking for precise and hard-edged borders between areas of color. There's no shading or subtle transition.

Several important characteristics also identify what is not in Minimalism. It is not expressive. The artist removes all elements of biography or emotion. When you stand in front of a Minimalist painting, you won't see big ideas, social agendas or complex subject matter. The paintings are about geometry, shapes and color. It's art for art's sake without emotion involved.

Minimalist Painters :

Some of the most prominent Minimalist artists were sculptors, people like Sol LeWitt and Donald Judd. The latter began his art career as a painter and art critic in the 1940s. He was extremely important for his work to define minimalism, especially in his essay Specific Objects, which advocated for art made from everyday materials. But he gradually moved into woodcuts and then focused the rest of his career on sculpture.