What is Regression Testing?
Regression Testing is a type of testing that is done to verify that a code change in the software does not impact the existing functionality of the product. This is to make sure the product works fine with new functionality, bug fixes or any change in the existing feature. Previously executed test cases are re-executed in order to verify the impact of change.
Regression Testing is a Software Testing type in which test cases are re-executed in order to check whether the previous functionality of the application is working fine and the new changes have not introduced any new bugs.
This test can be performed on a new build when there is a significant change in the original functionality that too even in a single bug fix.
Regression means retesting the unchanged parts of the application.
Regression Test Overview
Regression test is like a verification method. Test cases are generally automated as test cases are required to execute again and again and running the same test cases again and again manually is time-consuming and tedious one too.
For Example, Consider a product X, in which one of the functionality is to trigger confirmation, acceptance, and dispatched emails when Confirm, Accept and Dispatch buttons are clicked.
Some issue occurs in the confirmation email and in order to fix the same, some code changes are done. In this case, not only the Confirmation emails need to be tested but Acceptance and Dispatched emails also needs to be tested to ensure that the change in the code has not affected them.
Regression Testing is not dependent on any programming language like Java, C++, C#, etc. It is a testing method which is used to test the product for modifications or for any updates being done. It verifies that any modification in a product does not affect the existing modules of the product.
Verifying that the bugs are fixed and the newly added features have not created any problem in the previous working version of the software.
Testers perform Functional Testing when a new build is available for verification. The intent of this test is to verify the changes made in the existing functionality and the newly added functionality as well.
When this test is done, the tester should verify whether the existing functionality is working as expected and the new changes have not introduced any defect in functionality that was working before this change.
When To Perform This Test?
Regression Testing is usually performed after verification of changes or new functionality. But this is not the case always. For the release that is taking months to complete, regression tests must be incorporated in the daily test cycle. For weekly releases, regression tests can be performed when the Functional Testing is over for the changes.
Regression checking is a variation of retest (which is simply to repeat a test). When Retesting, the reason can be anything. Say, you were testing a particular feature and it was the end of the day- you could not finish testing and had to stop the process without deciding if the test passed/failed.
The next day when you come back, you perform the test once more – that means you are repeating a test you performed before. The simple act of repeating a test is a Retest.
Regression test at its core is a retest of sorts. It is only for the special occasion that something in the application/code has changed. It might be code, design or anything at all that dictates the overall framework of the system.
A Retest that is conducted in this situation to make sure that the said change has not made an impact on anything that was already working before is called Regression Test. The most common reasons why this might be conducted are because new versions of the code have been created (increase in scope/requirement) or bugs have been fixed.
Can Regression Testing Be Performed Manually?
I was just teaching one of these days in my class, and a question came to me – “Can regression be done manually?”
I answered the question and we moved on in the class. Everything seemed OK, but somehow this question nagged me for quite a while later.
Over the many batches, this question comes multiple times in various different ways. Some of them are:
• To perform the test execution do we need a tool?
• How is Regression Testing performed?
• Even after an entire round of testing– newcomers find it difficult to discern what exactly Regression test is?
And of course, the original question:
• Can this Testing be performed manually?
To begin with, Test execution is a simple act of using your Test cases and performing those steps on the AUT, supplying the test data and comparing the result obtained on the AUT with the expected result mentioned in your test cases.
Depending on the comparison result, we set the status of the test case pass/fail. Test execution is as simple as that, there are no special tools necessary for this process.
Tools for regression testing: In regression testing, we generally select the test cases form the existing test suite itself and hence, we need not to compute their expected output and it can be easily automated due to this reason. Automating the process of regression testing will be very much effective and time saving.
Most commonly used tools for regression testing are:
• WATIR (Web Application Testing In Ruby)
• QTP (Quick Test Professional)
• RFT (Rational Functional Tester)
Advantages of Regression Testing:
• It ensures that no new bugs has been introduced after adding new functionalities to the system.
• As most of the test cases used in Regression Testing are selected from the existing test suite and we already know their expected outputs. Hence, it can be easily automated by the automated tools.
• It helps to maintain the quality of the source code.
Disadvantages of Regression Testing:
• It can be time and resource consuming if automated tools are not used.
• It is required even after very small changes in the code.